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  Glossary of Transportation Terms

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G

Gang

A group of stevedores, usually four to five members, with a supervisor assigned to a hold or portion of the vessel being loaded or unloaded.

Gangway

A narrow portable platform used as a passage, by persons entering or leaving a vessel moored alongside a pier or quay. 

Gateway

Industry-related: A point at which freight moving from one territory to another is interchanged between transportation lines.  The Port of Savannah is considered by many to be the gateway to the Southeastern U.S. for containerized cargo, while the Port of Brunswick is growing in reputation as the Southeastern gateway for auto movement.

GATT

Abbreviation for "General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade." A multilateral treaty to help reduce trade barriers between the signatory countries and to promote trade through tariff concessions. The World Trade Organization (WTO) superseded GATT in 1994.

GBL

Abbreviation for "Government Bill of Lading."

GDSM

Abbreviation for "General Department Store Merchandise." A classification of commodities that includes goods generally shipped by mass-merchandise companies. This commodity structure occurs only in service contracts.

General Cargo

A non-bulk oil cargo composed of miscellaneous goods.

General Export License

Any of various export licenses covering export commodities for which validated export licenses are not required.

General Order Warehouse

A government contract warehouse for the storage of cargoes left unclaimed for a designated number of days after availability. Unclaimed cargoes may later be auctioned publicly.

General Order (G.O.)

When U.S. Customs orders shipments without entries to be kept in their custody in a bonded warehouse.

Generator Set (Gen Set)

A portable generator, which can be attached to a refrigerated container to power the refrigeration unit during transit.

Geographical Rotation

 Ports in order of calling

Georgia Department of Transportation or Georgia DOT

The purpose of the Georgia DOT, working in conjunction with the US DOT, is to provide a dynamic system of transportation to meet the needs of both the State of Georgia and the country.

Go-Down

In the Far East, a warehouse where goods are stored and delivered.

Gooseneck

The front rails of the chassis that raise above the plane of the chassis and engage in the tunnel of a container leading to the connection to tractor.

Government Impelled

Cargo owned by or subsidized by the Federal Government.

GPA

Abbreviation for Georgia Ports Authority. The GPA operates deepwater ports in Savannah and Brunswick, as well as inland barge operations in Bainbridge and Columbus.

Grain Capacity

Cubic capacity in "grain"

GRI

Abbreviation for "General Rate Increase." Used to describe an across-the-board tariff rate increase implemented by conference members and applied to base rates.

Gross Registered Tons

A common measurement of the internal volume of a ship with certain spaces excluded. One ton equals 100 cubic feet; the total of all the enclosed spaces within a ship expressed in tons each of which is equivalent to 100 cubic feet.

Gross Tonnage (GT)

Applies to vessels, not to cargo, (0.2+0.02 log10V) where V is the volume in cubic meters of all enclosed spaces on the vessel.

Gross Weight

Entire weight of goods, packaging and freight car or container, ready for shipment. Generally, 80,000 pounds maximum container, cargo and tractor for highway transport.

Grounding

Deliberate contact by a ship with the bottom while she is moored or anchored as a result of the water level dropping.

Groupage

A consolidation service, putting small shipments into containers for shipment.

Groupage

A consolidation service, putting small shipments into containers for shipment.

GVW

Abbreviation for "Gross Vehicle Weight." The combined total weight of a vehicle and its container, inclusive of prime mover.

 
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